Todayâ€™s news points to a study on projected obesity costs released by Kenneth E. Thorpe, PhD, Robert W. Woodruff professor and chair of health policy at Rollins School of Public Health, and colleagues from Emory. The unique study departs from looking at historical costs of obesity and uses an econometric model developed by Thorpe and team to estimate the growth of health care costs over time that are linked to changes in obesity rates.
Using nationally representative data on adults, the study estimates the effect of the increasing prevalence of obesity on total direct health care costs in the next decade. The report is titled “The Future Costs of Obesity: National and State Estimates of the Impact of Obesity on Direct Health Care Expenses.”
The report was commissioned by three groups – the UnitedHealth Foundation, the Partnership for Prevention and the American Public Health Association – in conjunction with their annual America’s Health Rankings report.
Major findings from the report include:
- Obesity is growing faster than any previous public health issue our nation has faced. If current trends continue, 103 million American adults will be considered obese by 2018.
- The United States is expected to spend $344 billion on health care costs attributable to obesity in 2018 if rates continue to increase at their current levels. Obesityâ€related direct expenditures are expected to account for more than 21 percent of the nationâ€™s direct health care spending in 2018.
- If obesity levels were held at their current rates, the United States could save an estimated $820 per adult in health care costs by 2018 â€ a savings of almost $200 billion dollars.
Thorpe says, â€œAt a time when Congress is looking for savings in health care, this data confirms what we already knew: obesity is where the money is. Because obesity is related to the onset of so many other illnesses, stopping the growth of obesity in the U.S. is vital not only to our health, but also to the solvency of our health care system.”
The Partnership to Fight Chronic Disease, co-directed by Thorpe, says that a top priority must be addressing the obesity epidemic through meaningful, evidence-based approaches, including:
- Removing barriers and empowering Americans to take control of their health.
- Educating Americans to see being obese as a serious medical condition that significantly heightens their risk for other health problems
- Ensuring that fear about the stigma of obesity does not eclipse the need to combat it
- Redesigning our health care system to treat obesity like a preventable medical condition
- Engaging employers and communities to get them invested in promoting wellness
Follow Thorpe on his Health Reform Blog.