In these days of political polarization, how often does the United States Supreme Court make a unanimous decision? When the case has to do with human genes and their patentability!
The case concerned patents held by Utah firm Myriad Genetics on the BRCA1 and 2 genes. Mutations in those genes confer an increased risk of breast and ovarian cancer. The patents in dispute claimed the genes themselves rather than just the technology for reading them.
Cecelia Bellcross, director of Emoryâ€™s genetics counseling program and an expert on breast cancer genetics counseling, reports that â€œin general, the clinical genetics community is jumping up and down, as are a lot of genetics lab directors and definitely patient advocacy groups.â€
Myriadâ€™s BRCA tests cost more than $3,000. Several competing firms announced that they would offer tests for the BRCA1 and 2 mutations at significantly lower prices.